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January 10, 2024

What is Bitcoin Halving?


People prefer cryptocurrencies, especially Bitcoin, rather than traditional fiat currencies due to their deflationary nature. Inflation is a significant concern, making people opt for alternative investments like real estate, gold, or cryptocurrencies. Of course, cryptocurrencies are highly volatile, but still, they are often seen as a hedge against inflation.

Cryptocurrencies, especially Bitcoin, are one of the potential alternative investments that can stand against inflation due to their halving technique. Bitcoin halving occurs every four years and cuts Bitcoin rewards by half, creating Bitcoin scarcity while encouraging Bitcoins to stand against inflation.


    What is Bitcoin Halving? – Quick Brief

    Bitcoin halving is an event that occurs every four years to maintain Bitcoin scarcity. The motive behind the event is to prevent the Bitcoin price from falling. So, what exactly happens during Bitcoin halving? To better understand Bitcoin halving, let’s first know about Bitcoin mining.

    Bitcoin mining is a mandatory process that involves validating Bitcoin transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain. Since Bitcoin is decentralized and not governed by central authorities, miners validate transactions to avoid double spending and other fraudulent practices. Miners get rewarded in freshly mined Bitcoins for contributing their resources. Those rewards are reduced by half every four years during the Bitcoin halving event.

    Bitcoin Halving History

    Let’s see the history of Bitcoin halving that happened over the years.

    • The first Bitcoin halving happened in November 2012, reducing Bitcoin rewards from 50 BTC to 25 BTC.
    • The next Bitcoin halving happened in July 2016, cutting Bitcoin rewards from 25 BTC to 12.5 BTC.
    • The last Bitcoin halving happened in May 2020, cutting Bitcoin rewards further from 12.5BTC to 6.25 BTC.

    The next Bitcoin halving event will occur in early 2024. After that, the Bitcoin reward will further come down to 3.125 BTC. The idea behind Bitcoin halving is that limited supply will increase demand, increasing Bitcoin’s value.

    The final Bitcoin halving is expected to happen in 2140 when the number of Bitcoins reaches the maximum supply of 21 million.

    How do you profit from Bitcoin Halving?

    People opt for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin to diversify their investments and prevent inflation. Since fiat currencies are more prone to inflation, people look for digital currencies to stand against inflation. Bitcoin halving serves that purpose precisely.

    The logic behind Bitcoin halving is controlling the new Bitcoin supply entering circulation. Thus, the scarcity of Bitcoin is maintained, and the demand is higher, increasing the Bitcoin’s price. Simply put, the Bitcoin supply is less while the demand is more. Thus, Bitcoin’s price will keep increasing.

    Bitcoin halving benefits users by helping them fight against inflation. Plus, many crypto investors who closely watch the market trends also tend to use the market during Bitcoin halving. For instance, Bitcoin prices often increase after the halving event. Thus, experts trade Bitcoins and make profits around the halving event.

    However, there is no guarantee that the price will increase after the halving event, as past performances do not guarantee future outcomes. Users should research and make informed decisions before investing in any cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin.

    Is Bitcoin Halving good for miners?

    Bitcoin halves the mining reward for Bitcoin mining. Since the reward amount for miners drops, the number of new Bitcoins in circulation also reduces. Thus, miner rewards directly impact the flow of new Bitcoins into circulation.

    Conversely, halving these payments increases the demand for Bitcoins as the supply is less. That, in turn, probably increases Bitcoin’s price. Bitcoin halving is designed to make Bitcoin deflationary, as most financial assets are prone to inflation.

    Besides beating inflation, Bitcoin’s halving brings other advantages. For instance, miners must optimize their operations to profit with reduced block rewards. Since it demands technical expertise and know-how, it again increases mining network competition. That, in turn, increases decentralization and overall security of the blockchain.

    How long will Bitcoin Halving last?

    Bitcoin halving occurs around every four years, approximately every 210,000 blocks. The duration for the halving event is approximate because the Bitcoin mining algorithm is programmed to find new blocks every 10 minutes. Some blocks take less than 10 minutes, whereas some take more. Thus, the time is not fixed for the halving event. Hence, it is always approximate, which is around four years.

    Since the rewards are halved for every 210,000 blocks, the halving happens until the block reward becomes less than one Satoshi, the smallest unit of Bitcoin, 0.00000001 Bitcoin, that cannot be halved. The last Bitcoin is expected to be mined around the year 2140, that is, after Bitcoin reaches the maximum limit of 21 million blocks.

    Is Bitcoin Halving bullish?

    Forbes cites that a reputed Bitcoin miner and CEO of Gryphon Digital Mining, Rob Chang, quoted that Bitcoin prices are highly volatile around the halving event. He further added that Bitcoin prices are significantly higher a few months after the halving event. Though there are many other factors influencing the Bitcoin price, the past occurrences does seem that Bitcoin halving is generally bullish.

    Ecoinometrics tweeted that the previous Bitcoin halving event coincided with Bull market ramping up.

    bitcoin halving pattern

    However, halving doesn’t guarantee a bull market always. Thus, Bitcoin investors should analyze all the related factors before investing rather than solely relying on halving events.

    Will Bitcoin Halving affect altcoins?

    Bitcoin halving is indeed a significant event in the crypto market, attracting many investors towards cryptocurrencies. Some investors focus solely on Bitcoins, and others prefer altcoins for better rewards as Bitcoin mining rewards decrease.

    NewsBTC reveals that altcoins are on the rise during the Bitcoin halving event. It further adds that altcoins like Ethereum (ETH), Binance Coin (BNB) and Dogecoin (DOGE) are on rise.

    alt coins marketcap

    NewsBTC adds that altcoins outperformed Bitcoin in the year following the halving event. The reason could mostly be that investors are on the lookout for alternative investment opportunities when Bitcoin’s price reaches its peak.

    What is the benefit of Bitcoin Halving?

    Bitcoin halving is programmed into Bitcoin protocol to create scarcity and make it deflationary. Let’s see the benefits associated with Bitcoin halving.

    • Hedge against inflation

    The prime reason people move towards alternative investments like gold or cryptocurrencies other than fiat currencies is to beat the soaring inflation rate. Bitcoin halving serves the purpose of creating scarcity. When the supply goes down, and the demand booms up, Bitcoin prices will rise automatically. Thus, Bitcoin halving makes Bitcoin deflationary.

    • Bitcoin price appreciation

    Looking at the past Bitcoin halving events, Bitcoin prices have always been appreciated after halving. The gap between demand and supply drives Bitcoin prices high.

    • Increased market attention

    Bitcoin halving is a significant event that draws considerable attention from investors, the crypto community, and crypto miners. That, in turn, creates a positive market sentiment, allowing new investors to move towards cryptocurrencies.

    • Stability and predictability

    Since Bitcoin halving creates scarcity and Bitcoin will be in limited supply, which is 21 million, users would consider it a precious metal like gold, which is limited in supply. Thus, they tend to use Bitcoins as a hedge against inflation. The scarcity increases the demand for Bitcoins, aiding stability and predictability.

    However, it is crucial to remember that positive impacts from previous Bitcoin halving events are not indicative of future outcomes. Since the Bitcoin market and profitability depend on several factors like market trends, technological advancements, regulatory changes, etc, it is highly recommended to analyze the market before making any financial decisions.

    What happens to miners after Halving?

    Here is what miners can expect after Bitcoin halving.

    what happens to miners after halving

    1. Reduced mining rewards

    As discussed in detail in the blog, Bitcoin mining rewards will be halved for every Bitcoin halving event. The reward dropped from 50 BTC to 25 BTC to 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC till now. It will keep reducing in the subsequent halving events. In short, Bitcoin’s halving leads to reduced profitability.

    2. Reduced network hash rate

    Since reduced mining rewards impact Bitcoin mining profitability directly, some miners may quit mining, considering the high cost of operations. That, in turn, will decrease the network’s hash rate.

    3. Mining difficulty regulations

    Bitcoin is programmed to regulate the mining difficulty periodically to generate blocks consistently. Hence, if many miners quit mining due to decreased rewards, the difficulty level may decrease, making it easier for the remaining miners to solve blocks.

    4. Technological advancements and Upgrades

    Since the mining difficulty and the network hash rate went down after the Bitcoin halving event, new advanced and energy-efficient mining hardware may be launched to stay competitive and mine efficiently.

    5. Network Stability

    Some miners with access to low-cost electricity will continue to mine Bitcoins more efficiently, adding a layer of security and stability to the Bitcoin network.

    What happens when all 21 million Bitcoins are mined?

    It is already predetermined that the maximum supply of Bitcoin is 21 million. So, there will not be any new Bitcoins generated once it reaches that upper limit.

    Investopedia says there will be around 29 more Bitcoin halves after the 2024 halving. The last Bitcoin halving event may happen in 2140 or even earlier. After every halving event, the Bitcoin rewards will be halved, reaching zero rewards. So, when all Bitcoins are mined, there will not be any block rewards for miners.

    However, miners will play a crucial role in validating transactions in the Bitcoin network. Thus, the security and integrity of the Bitcoin blockchain are intact. Miners will receive transaction fees rather than block rewards.

    Transaction fees are nothing but fees paid by users for Bitcoin transactions. These transaction fees will act as an incentive for miners while securing the network and validating transactions despite after all Bitcoins are mined.

    How do you make money with Bitcoin Halving?

    With the next Bitcoin halving around the corner in April 2024, many crypto experts are already trying to analyze the market, leverage the halving event to their advantage, and make money.

    Since Bitcoin prices tend to increase after the halving event, many investors trade Bitcoins around that time. For instance, Bitcoin prices increased after the Bitcoin halving event in the past. Investors can speculate on the price of Bitcoins, trade them via exchange or wallet, and profit from them.

    Simply put, buying Bitcoins while the price drops and selling them when it rises. Thus, experts who know the market trends use the Bitcoin halving event to generate profits. However, Bitcoin halving doesn’t guarantee profits. Users should do their research and understand market trends before trading Bitcoins.

    Does Bitcoin price drop after Halving?

    According to Coincodex, Bitcoin halving events happened in the past, and Bitcoin’s price history for your quick glimpse.

    bitcoin price chart after halving

    As the table says, Bitcoin prices have risen after every halving event. Thus, the probability of Bitcoin’s price increasing after the upcoming halving event in April 2024 is high. However, we can’t jump to conclusions with only three Bitcoin halving events happening so far. Thus, users should study the market carefully before making any important decisions.

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    Bitcoin halving is a crucial process to control inflation by creating a scarcity of Bitcoins. The blog discussed Bitcoin halving in detail, illustrating how past halving events positively affected the Bitcoin price, attracting market attention.

    In short, Bitcoin halving emphasizes the deflationary nature of Bitcoin. Unlike fiat currencies, investors can rely on Bitcoins as alternative currencies to hedge against inflation. However, we can’t completely rely on past performances since it has only been three halves so far. Thus, studying the market and making informed financial decisions is always safe.

    FAQs on Bitcoin Halving

    • Will Bitcoin mining end after all 21 million coins are mined?
    • No. Bitcoin mining will continue to play a vital role in verifying and validating transactions. Miners would rely on transaction fees as incentives as block rewards will not be available anymore.

    • How does Bitcoin halving affect Bitcoin’s price?
    • Past halving data suggests that Bitcoin’s prices increased after halving events due to decreased supply and increased demand. However, users can’t fully rely on past halving events and should do their research before trading Bitcoins.

    • What impact does Bitcoin halving have on miners?
    • Since Bitcoin halving reduces the block rewards for miners, it directly affects their mining profitability. Some miners may quit mining due to decreased rewards, which, in turn, impacts the network hash rate.

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